Press brakes are tools that are used to bend and work with metal pieces and sheets. Press brakes are essential tools in the heavy industry and fabrication industries because of this capability.
However, previous press brake machine types were notorious for making loud bangs and needed a lot of power to get results. Better options were required that would deliver similar or superior benefits with the least amount of resource usage and pollution-causing emissions due to growing environmental concerns.
The invention of the servos electric press brake was made to satisfy these demands.
Servo-Electric Press Brakes: How Do They Work?
We’ll move on to studying the functions of an electro servos press brake knowing that we have a good understanding of what it is. Understanding a machine’s workings is crucial since you can then set up the machine effectively.
The die and the punch are typically the two major parts of press brake machines whose motion produces the intended effect. While the punch in some variants is stationary and its die is mobile, in other versions the punch is stationary but the die is created to shift in opposition to it.
In both methods, the appropriate metal or substance is sandwiched among the fixed and moving parts, which are powered by electricity. To manipulate the metal as needed, the die may be altered and connected with a variety of orientations and forms.
Hoisting The Machine
The bending brake is generally hefty in the front but lighter in the back due to a high center of gravity. Therefore, it is important to be mindful of the center of gravity to prevent equipment turnover.
The rust prevention oil should be removed from the working components before managing a hydraulic press brake.
As long as you don’t use a dissolvent wash on the machine, you’re free to use gasoline and coal oil to clean the parts.
To ensure machine stability, silk strands should be employed at a slightly inclined angle.
Horizontal And Vertical Leveling
Lay the device out horizontally on the underlay. Once all of the machine’s components, including the electrical ones, are securely connected, the accuracy adjustment can be made.
The method is:
- A slider block should be placed on the top dead spot.
- Put a gradienter upon the opposite wings of the slider blocks with an accuracy of 0.05mm/m.
- Make vertical level adjustments
- To correct the horizontal plane, place a gradienter in the center of the workbench with an accuracy of +0.05mm/m.
The bottom screw throughout this operation also needs to be securely linked.
After using it for two days straight, the level needs to be checked and adjusted again.
Connect The Electric Components
Inspect the hydraulic pump position following the connecting of the electrical switch (electrical sections: R, S, T, and PE). Alternate the two-phase lines right off the bat if the alignment is incorrect.
The electrical box’s bottom can accommodate the cable entryway.
Verify the voltages are compatible and allow an electrical expert or a professional following the handbook to guide the person who is connecting the machine’s electricity.
The top crossbeam of electro servos press brake installation is sliding intermittently toward the motion of the control valve, with the amount of displacement being measured by rasters on both ends of the machinery.
Two valve gates inside both left and right fuel tanks are controlled by the DNC. Its top crossbeam could be made to shift directly into the upright direction if necessary by the servo, and the amount of mobility is determined by the latest recorded pulse frequency.
Each fuel tank in the hydraulic equipment has its independent feedback signal, together with both the servo valve and the refilling nozzle, which receives the message from the DNC processor and passes it over to the hydraulic force data, and regulates the motion of the valve.
Axis Of The Gauge
The back gauge would be implemented by a plain guide and a ball bearing drive shaft, which is made up of a light source that extends through one side of a device toward the other, and thus the rear gauge’s guide is installed on both sides of the device body. A straight gauge can be driven by a servo engine, and the portion is moved using DNC.
The operator must be aware of the rear gauge’s location because if it passes through the region of the mold, the equipment will be harmed. The Z-axis may only be adjusted manually from the system’s back. To avoid hitting the bottom die, you should be cautious while setting the back gauge.
Choosing A Top Punch For A Press Brake
The choice of the upper die must also take into account the compression power and the burthen limit, which should not be exceeded.
Additionally, the user has the option of selecting unique tooling; however, they must be aware of the differences in the burthen versus normal tooling.
The device’s technician should follow the precautionary principles when in a hazardous region.
To prevent safety hazards, you must put the NC steering key and start switch to “axes stop” before fitting the higher and lowers dies.
Here are some guidelines to keep in mind before you start the press brake and some tips if you get stuck.
- Before commencing, make doubly sure there will be no irreparable harm.
- The mechanical tool needs to be in a secure and usable state for operation, and all guards and safety measures must be in place.
- Avoid any potentially hazardous operations in terms of safety.
- If a fault shows up, shut down the machine immediately and fix it.
- Fixing problems must be taught by more qualified or experienced individuals.
- Generally, inspect the equipment from the exterior if there seems to be breakage or a defect, then report it and, if required, shut it down.
- The user should study the instruction manual thoroughly.
Every industry has benefited from new technologies and devices, which has enabled them to make great strides. You must understand and stay current on these newest technologies as business owners if you want to make the most of them.
Consequently, you must understand how to set up a press brake properly if you work in the industrial sector or own a fabricator company.